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ESPECIFICACIONES MÁS IMPORTANTES
- 4 Analog Channels
- 100, 300, 500 or 1000 MHz ( MDO4014-3 , MDO4034-3 , MDO4054-3 or MDO4054-6 , MDO4104-3 or MDO4104-6 )
- 16 Digital Channels using MagniVu™ High-speed Acquisition. Provides 60.6 ps Fine Timing Resolution
- 1 RF Channel: 50 kHz - 3 GHz or 50 kHz - 6 GHz Frequency Range Models
- Ultra-wide Capture Bandwidth =1 GHz (max. 3GHz)
- Standard Passive Voltage Probes 3.9 pF Capacitive Loading and 500 MHz or 1 GHz Analog Bandwidth
Mixed Domain Analysis
- Time-correlated Analog, Digital, and RF Signal Acquisitions in a Single Instrument
- Wave Inspector® Controls provide Easy Navigation of Time-correlated Data from both the Time and Frequency Domains
- Amplitude, Frequency, and Phase vs. Time Waveforms derived from RF Input
- Selectable Spectrum Time to Discover and Analyze how RF Spectrum Changes over Time – Even on a Stopped Acquisition
- Dedicated Front-panel Controls for Commonly Performed Tasks
- Automated Peak Markers Identify Frequency and Amplitude of Spectrum Peaks
- Manual Markers enable Non-peak Measurements
- Trace Types Include: Normal, Average, Max Hold, and Min Hold
- Detection Types Include: +Peak, –Peak, Average, and Sample
- Spectrogram Display enables Easy Observation and Insight into Slowly Changing RF Phenomena
- Automated Measurements Include: Channel Power, Adjacent Channel Power Ratio (ACPR), and Occupied Bandwidth (OBW)
- Trigger on RF Power Level
- Triggered or Free Run Spectral Analysis
Ease of Use Features
- 10.4 in. (264 mm) Bright XGA Color Display
- Small Footprint and Lightweight – Only 5.8 in. (147 mm) Deep and 11 lb. (5 kg)
- Two USB 2.0 Host Ports on the Front Panel and Two on the Rear Panel for Quick and Easy Data Storage, Printing, and Connecting a USB Keyboard
- USB 2.0 Device Port on Rear Panel for Easy Connection to a PC or Direct Printing to a PictBridge®-compatible Printer
- Integrated 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet Port for Network Connection and Video Out Port to Export the Oscilloscope Display to a Monitor or Projector
Optional Serial Triggering and Analysis
- Serial Protocol Trigger, Decode, and Search for I2C, SPI, USB, Ethernet, CAN, LIN, FlexRay, RS-232/422/485/UART, MIL-STD-1553, and I2S/LJ/RJ/TDM
Optional Application Support
- Advanced RF Triggering
- Power Analysis
- Limit and Mask Testing
- HDTV and Custom Video Analysis
Introducing the Mixed Domain Oscilloscope
Introducing the world’s first and only oscilloscope with a built-in spectrum analyzer. For the first time ever, you can capture time-correlated analog, digital, and RF signals for a complete system view of your device. See both the time and frequency domain in a single glance. View the RF spectrum at any point in time to see how it changes over time or with device state. Solve the most complicated design issues, quickly and efficiently, with an oscilloscope as integrated as your design.
Based on the industry-standard MSO4000B Oscilloscope Series, you can now use your tool of choice, the oscilloscope, to look at the frequency domain rather than having to find and re-learn a spectrum analyzer. However, the power of the MDO goes well beyond simply observing the frequency domain as you would on a spectrum analyzer. The real power is in its ability to correlate events in the frequency domain with the time domain phenomena that caused them.
When both the RF channel and any analog or digital channels are on, the oscilloscope display is split into two views. The upper half of the display is a traditional oscilloscope view of the Time Domain. The lower half of the display is a Frequency Domain view of the RF input. Note that the Frequency Domain view is not simply an FFT of the analog or digital channels in the instrument, but is the spectrum acquired from the RF input.
The spectrum shown in the Frequency Domain view is taken from the period of time indicated by the short orange bar in the time domain view – known as the Spectrum Time. With the MDO4000 Series, Spectrum Time can be moved through the acquisition to investigate how the RF spectrum changes over time. And this can be done while the oscilloscope is live and running or on a stopped acquisition.
The upper half of the MDO4000 Series display shows the Time Domain view of the analog and digital channels, while the lower half shows the Frequency Domain view of the RF channel. The orange bar – Spectrum Time – shows the period of time used to calculate the RF spectrum.
Figures 1 through 4 show a simple everyday application – tuning of a VCO/PLL. This application illustrates the powerful connection between the time domain and the frequency domain that the MDO4000 Series provides. With its wide capture bandwidth and ability to move Spectrum Time throughout the acquisition, this single capture includes the same spectral content as approximately 1,500 unique test setups and acquisitions on a traditional spectrum analyzer. For the first time ever, correlating events, observing interactions, or measuring timing latencies between the two domains is exceptionally easy, giving you quick insight to your design’s operation.
Figure 1 – Time and Frequency Domain view showing the turn-on of a VCO/PLL. Channel 1 (yellow) is probing a control signal that enables the VCO. Channel 2 (cyan) is probing the PLL voltage. The SPI bus which is programming the VCO/PLL with the desired frequency is probed with three digital channels and automatically decoded. Notice Spectrum Time is placed after the VCO was enabled and coincident with the command on the SPI bus telling the VCO/PLL the desired frequency.
Figure 2 – Spectrum Time is moved about 60 µs to the right. At this point, the spectrum shows that the VCO/PLL is in the process of tuning to the correct frequency (2.400 GHz). It has made it up to 2.3168 GHz.
Figure 3 – Spectrum Time is moved another 120 µs to the right. At this point the spectrum shows that the VCO/PLL has actually overshot the correct frequency and gone all the way to 2.4164 GHz.
Figure 4 – The VCO/PLL eventually settles on the correct 2.400 GHz frequency about 340 µs after the VCO was enabled.
Visualizing Changes in Your RF Signal
The orange waveform in the Time Domain view is the frequency vs. time trace derived from the RF input signal. Notice that Spectrum Time is positioned during a transition from the highest frequency to the lowest frequency, so the energy is spread across a number of frequencies. With the frequency vs. time trace, you can easily see the different frequency hops, simplifying characterization of how the device switches between frequencies.
The time domain graticule on the MDO4000 Series display provides support for three RF time domain traces that are derived from the underlying I and Q data of the RF input including:
- Amplitude – The instantaneous amplitude of the RF input vs. time
- Frequency – The instantaneous frequency of the RF input, relative to the center frequency vs. time
- Phase – The instantaneous phase of the RF input, relative to the center frequency vs. time
Each of these traces may be turned on and off independently, and all three may be displayed simultaneously. RF time domain traces make it easy to understand what’s happening with a time-varying RF signal.
In order to deal with the time-varying nature of modern RF applications, the MDO4000 Series provides a triggered acquisition system that is fully integrated with the RF, analog, and digital channels. This means that a single trigger event coordinates acquisition across all channels, allowing you to capture a spectrum at the precise point in time where an interesting time domain event is occurring. A comprehensive set of time domain triggers are available, including Edge, Sequence, Pulse Width, Timeout, Runt, Logic, Setup/Hold Violation, Rise/Fall Time, Video, and a variety of parallel and serial bus packet triggers. In addition, you can trigger on the power level of the RF input. For example, you can trigger on your RF transmitter turning on.
The optional MDO4TRIG application module provides advanced RF triggering. This module enables the RF input power level to be used as a source for Sequence, Pulse Width, Timeout, Runt, and Logic trigger types. For example, you can trigger on a RF pulse of a specific length or use the RF channel as an input to a logic trigger, enabling the oscilloscope to trigger only when the RF is on while other signals are active.
Fast and Accurate Spectral Analysis
MDO4000 Frequency Domain display.
Key spectral parameters are adjusted quickly with the dedicated front-panel menus and keypad.
When using the RF input by itself, the MDO4000 Series display becomes a full-screen Frequency Domain view.
Key spectral parameters such as Center Frequency, Span, Reference Level, and Resolution Bandwidth are all adjusted quickly and easily using the dedicated front-panel menus and keypad.
Intelligent, Efficient Markers
Automated peak markers identify critical information at a glance. As shown here, the five highest amplitude peaks that meet the threshold and excursion criteria are automatically marked.
In a traditional spectrum analyzer, it can be a very tedious task to turn on and place enough markers to identify all your peaks of interest. The MDO4000 Series makes this process far more efficient by automatically placing markers on peaks that indicate both the frequency and the amplitude of each peak. The criteria used to determine what a peak is can be adjusted by the user.
The highest amplitude peak is referred to as the reference marker and is shown in red. Marker readouts can be switched between Absolute and Delta readouts. When Delta is selected, marker readouts show each peak’s delta frequency and delta amplitude from the reference marker.
Two manual markers are also available for measuring non-peak portions of the spectrum. When enabled, the reference marker is attached to one of the manual markers, enabling delta measurements from anywhere in the spectrum. In addition to frequency and amplitude, manual marker readouts also include noise density and phase noise readouts depending on whether Absolute or Delta readouts are selected. A “Reference Marker to Center” function instantly moves the frequency indicated by the reference marker to center frequency.
Spectrogram display illustrates slowly moving RF phenomena. As shown here, a signal that has multiple peaks is being monitored. As the peaks change in both frequency and amplitude over time, the changes are easily seen in the Spectrogram display.
The MDO4000 Series includes a spectrogram display which is ideal for monitoring slowly changing RF phenomena. The x-axis represents frequency, just like a typical spectrum display. However, the y-axis represents time, and color is used to indicate amplitude.
Spectrogram slices are generated by taking each spectrum and “flipping it up on its edge” so that it’s one pixel row tall, and then assigning colors to each pixel based on the amplitude at that frequency. Cold colors (blue, green) are low amplitude and hotter colors (yellow, red) are higher amplitude. Each new acquisition adds another slice at the bottom of the spectrogram and the history moves up one row. When acquisitions are stopped, you can scroll back through the spectrogram to look at any individual spectrum slice.
Triggered vs. Free Run Operation
When both the time and frequency domains are displayed, the spectrum shown is always triggered by the system trigger event and is time correlated with the active time-domain traces. However, when only the frequency domain is displayed, the RF input can be set to Free Run. This is useful when the frequency domain data is continuous and unrelated to events occurring in the time domain.
Ultra-wide Capture Bandwidth
Spectral display of a bursted communication both into a device through Zigbee at 900 MHz and out of the device through Bluetooth at 2.4 GHz, captured with a single acquisition.
Today’s wireless communications vary significantly with time, using sophisticated digital modulation schemes and, often, transmission techniques that involve bursting the output. These modulation schemes can have very wide bandwidth as well. Traditional swept or stepped spectrum analyzers are ill equipped to view these types of signals as they are only able to look at a small portion of the spectrum at any one time.
The amount of spectrum acquired in one acquisition is called the capture bandwidth. Traditional spectrum analyzers sweep or step the capture bandwidth through the desired span to build the requested image. As a result, while the spectrum analyzer is acquiring one portion of the spectrum, the event you care about may be happening in another portion of the spectrum. Most spectrum analyzers on the market today have 10 MHz capture bandwidths, sometimes with expensive options to extend that to 20, 40, or even 140 MHz in some cases.
In order to address the bandwidth requirements of modern RF, the MDO4000 Series provides =1 GHz of capture bandwidth. At span settings of 1 GHz and below, there is no requirement to sweep the display. The spectrum is generated from a single acquisition, thus guaranteeing you’ll see the events you’re looking for in the frequency domain.
Normal, Average, Max Hold, and Min Hold spectrum traces.
The MDO4000 Series offers four different traces or views of the RF input including Normal, Average, Max Hold, and Min Hold. You can set the detection method used for each trace type independently or you can leave the oscilloscope in the default Auto mode that sets the detection type optimally for the current configuration. Detection types include +Peak, –Peak, Average, and Sample.
Automated Channel Power measurement.
The MDO4000 Series includes three automated RF measurements – Channel Power, Adjacent Channel Power Ratio, and Occupied Bandwidth. When one of these RF measurements is activated, the oscilloscope automatically turns on the Average spectrum trace and sets the detection method to Average for optimal measurement results.
The optional TPA-N-VPI adapter enables any active, 50 ? TekVPI probe to be connected to the RF input.
Signal input methods on spectrum analyzers are typically limited to cabled connections or antennas. But with the optional TPA-N-VPI adapter, any active, 50 ? TekVPI probe can be used with the RF input on the MDO4000 Series. This enables additional flexibility when hunting for noise sources and enables easier spectral analysis by using true signal browsing on an RF input.
Built-on the Award Winning MSO4000B Series of Mixed Signal Oscilloscopes
The MDO4000 Series provides you with the same comprehensive set of features available in the MSO4000B Mixed Signal Oscilloscope Series. This robust set of tools will help you speed through every stage of debugging your design – from quickly discovering an anomaly and capturing it, to searching your waveform record for the event and analyzing its characteristics and your device's behavior.
Discover – Fast waveform capture rate - over 50,000 wfm/s - maximizes the probability of capturing elusive glitches and other infrequent events.
To debug a design problem, first you must know it exists. Every design engineer spends time looking for problems in their design, a time-consuming and frustrating task without the right debug tools.
The MDO4000 Series offers the industry's most complete visualization of signals, providing fast insight into the real operation of your device. A fast waveform capture rate – greater than 50,000 waveforms per second – enables you to see glitches and other infrequent transients within seconds, revealing the true nature of device faults. A digital phosphor display with intensity grading shows the history of a signal's activity by intensifying areas of the signal that occur more frequently, providing a visual display of just how often anomalies occur.
Capture – Triggering on a specific transmit data packet going across a SPI bus. A complete set of triggers, including triggers for specific serial packet content, ensures you quickly capture your event of interest.
Discovering a device fault is only the first step. Next, you must capture the event of interest to identify root cause.
Accurately capturing any signal of interest begins with proper probing. The MDO4000 Series includes four low-capacitance probes for accurate signal capture. These industry-first high-impedance passive voltage probes have less than 4 pF of capacitive loading to minimize the affect of the probe on your circuit's operation, offering the performance of an active probe with the flexibility of a passive probe.
The MDO4000 Series provides a complete set of triggers – including Runt, Timeout, Logic, Pulse Width/Glitch, Setup/Hold Violation, Serial Packet, and Parallel Data – to help quickly find your event. With up to a 20M point record length, you can capture many events of interest, even thousands of serial packets, in a single acquisition for further analysis while maintaining high resolution to zoom in on fine signal details.
From triggering on specific packet content to automatic decode in multiple data formats, the MDO4000 Series provides integrated support for the industry's broadest range of serial buses – I2C, SPI, USB, Ethernet, CAN, LIN, FlexRay, RS-232/422/485/UART, MIL-STD-1553, and I2S/LJ/RJ/TDM. The ability to decode up to four serial and/or parallel buses simultaneously means you gain insight into system-level problems quickly.
To further help troubleshoot system-level interactions in complex embedded systems, the MDO4000 Series offers 16 digital channels. The MagniVu™ high-speed acquisition on these channels enables you to acquire fine signal detail (up to 60.6 ps resolution) around the trigger point for precision measurements. MagniVu is essential for making accurate timing measurements for setup and hold, clock delay, signal skew, and glitch characterization.
Search – RS-232 decode showing results from a Wave Inspector® search for data value ”n”. Wave Inspector controls provide unprecedented efficiency in viewing and navigating waveform data.
Finding your event of interest in a long waveform record can be time consuming without the right search tools. With today's record lengths pushing beyond a million data points, locating your event can mean scrolling through thousands of screens of signal activity.
The MDO4000 Series offers the industry's most comprehensive search and waveform navigation with its innovative Wave Inspector® controls. These controls speed panning and zooming through your record. With a unique force-feedback system, you can move from one end of your record to the other in just seconds. User marks allow you to mark any location that you may want to reference later for further investigation. Or, automatically search your record for criteria you define. Wave Inspector will instantly search your entire record, including analog, digital, and serial bus data. Along the way it will automatically mark every occurrence of your defined event so you can quickly move between each occurrence.
Analyze – Waveform histogram of a falling edge showing the distribution of edge position (jitter) over time. Included are numeric measurements made on the waveform histogram data. A comprehensive set of integrated analysis tools speeds verification of your design's performance.
Verifying that your prototype's performance matches simulations and meets the project's design goals requires analyzing its behavior. Tasks can range from simple checks of rise times and pulse widths to sophisticated power loss analysis and investigation of noise sources.
The MDO4000 Series offers a comprehensive set of integrated analysis tools including waveform- and screen-based cursors, 44 automated measurements, and advanced waveform math including arbitrary equation editing, waveform histograms, FFT analysis, and trend plots for visually determining how a measurement is changing over time. Specialized application support for serial bus analysis, power supply design, limit and mask testing, and video design and development is also available.
For extended analysis, National Instrument's LabVIEW SignalExpress™ Tektronix Edition provides over 200 built-in functions including time and frequency domain analysis, data logging, and customizable reports.
NOTAS DE APLICACION:
- Localización de fuentes de ruido en sistemas inalámbricos embebidos
- Diseño y verificación a nivel de sistema de sistemas inalámbricos embebidos
- Implementación y prueba de radios ZigBee en diseños embebidos
- Conceptos básicos de los osciloscopios multi-dominio
- Análisis Multi-Dominio - Capturas de espectros de gran ancho de banda
- Análisis Multi-Dominio - Correlación en el tiempo de señales analógicas, digitales y de RF
- Disparo avanzado de RF y cruzado entre dominios del tiempo y la frecuencia - Captura rápida de eventos especificos de RF
- Análisis espectral con Espectrogramas - Depuración a nivel de sistema de diseños con radios inalámbricas embebidas
- Trazas de amplitud, frecuencia y fase con respecto al tiempo - Pruebas eficientes de señales de RF variables en el tiempo